Windows of St. Barnabas Church

The following description of the windows in Saint Barnabas Church is taken from a study written in 1983 by the late Father T. Raynor Morton, SSC, XII Rector of Saint Barnabas Church. It has been edited and expanded by Mr. L. J. Crouse.

The larger stained glass windows in the Nave and in the Lady Chapel were made by the Charles E. Kempe & Company Studios in London, England. This information comes from a Mrs. Richardson who has been researching the location and condition of the Kempe windows in the United States. The Kempe firm dominated the stained glass world for four decades in England and North America. There were literally thousands of these windows made and installed. Many of them are found in the world's most famous churches and cathedrals. At the present time valuable records of the C.E. Kempe firm are to be found n the Victoria & Albert Museum, London. Under Mr. Kempe the "wheatsheaf" was used as the trademark of the Kempe Company. But following the death of Mr. Kempe in 1907, the company was inherited by a cousin named Mr. Tower. Thereafter, a "tower" motif was added to the "wheatsheaf". These trademarks aid in identifying the windows at Saint Barnabas as Kempe stained glass. Usually the motifs are to be found near the bottom, low on the glass on the left side and placed in an inconspicuous area. Look for this trademark on each window. All but one of our windows show the "wheatsheaf" and "tower".

The tour of our windows starts in the Lady Chapel with the beginning of Christ's Life.

The Lady Chapel

Dedicated to Our Lady of Walsingham, the Lady Chapel features some of the parish's most glorious Kempe windows. Beginning at the front, the windows are:

I. 1920 The Annunciation of the Angel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin Mary - Luke 1:26-38 "In thy seed shall all nations on the earth be blessed."

II. 1923 The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St. Elizabeth - Luke 1:39-56 "Rejoice ye with Jerusalem and be glad with her all ye that love her."

III. 1915 The Nativity of Our Lord - Luke 2:1-20 (Matthew 1:18-25) "Unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given."

IV. 1920 The Presentation of Christ in the Temple to St. Simeon - Luke 2:22-39 "Lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee."

V. 1916 The Adoration of the Three Kings - Matthew 2:1-12 "The Gentiles shall come to thy light."

VI. 1923 The Flight of the Holy Family into Egypt - Matthew 2:13-15 "Out of Egypt have I called my Son."

The Walsingham Window, a circular window above the altar, was installed in the Lady Chapel early in the 1960's as a memorial to the Pancost family. This handsome window was executed by the Charles J. Connick Associates of Boston and is one of the earliest images of Our Lady of Walsingham to appear in the Untied States. After years of service, the Connick Studios closed their doors forever on September 1, 1983. Description of Glass - Based on the Priory Seal of Walsingham Our Lord's mother is enthroned and crowned, her head veiled, and the Holy Child is seated on her left knee. Her right hand holds a lily scepter, emblem of her virginal purity. Her feet rest upon a "toadstone", symbolizing the uncleanness of evil. The throne is adorned with two pillars, encircled by bands, three on one and four on the other, representing the Seven Sacraments. And the top of the back piece is rounded like a rainbow. Her Divine Son, with a cruciform halo, clasped in His left hand the Book of the Gospels, signifying that the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us. His right hand is stretched out in protection and blessing. On the other side of the seal is depicted a cruciform church or Norman character, with a central tower, and two smaller towers both at the east and west ends. The roof of the church appears to be covered with tiles; a crest of small intersecting arches run along the ridge.

THE STORY OF OUR LADY OF WALSINGHAM In the year 1061 Our Lady appeared to a certain Lady Richeldis in Walsingham, England and asked her to build a little house like her own at Nazareth. The was to become a center of devotion and pilgrimage for years to come. In the Shrine Church today, you will find such a little house, but it is a copy of the one Our Lady told Richeldis to build, and which was destroyed by Henry VIII's men in 1538. It represents the house at Nazareth where the Mystery of the Incarnation took place, when in response to the Archangels message Mary said "Behold the handmaid of the Lord". It represents the same house in Galilee to which the Holy Family returned after their exile in Egypt, and where Jesus spent his childhood. It is only a copy, but this present building has been standing since 1931, and is already saturated with prayer. After Richeldis had had her vision of Our Lady and the request to build the Holy House, a spring of water gushed up, possibly in token of the apparition. The water was found to have healing properties and a well was constructed to contain the water. The water is not medicinal, nor is it holy water, that is, water blessed by the Church for the pious use of the faithful. But, as God has ordained that some places such as Walsingham should be set apart for the granting of special favours, so He has elected that certain springs should assist with prayer in healing.

The Nave Windows

The nave windows are also from the studio of Charles E. Kempe. Beginning on the Epistle Side of the Nave - South from the front they are:

I. 1923 The Baptism of Jesus - Matthew 3:13-17, and Mark 1:9-11

II. 1922 The Calling of Peter - Matthew 4:18-20, and John 1:40-42

III. 1923 The Wedding Feast in Cana of Galilee - John 2:1-10

IV 1922 The Feeding of the 5000; Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes - Matthew 14:13-21, And Mark 8:1-8, Luke 9:13-17, John 6:1-14

V. 1923 Christ in the Tempest of the Storm - Matthew 14:22-33

VI. 1922 The Transfiguration of Christ - Matthew 17:1-9, and Mark 9:2-8

VII. 1922 The Triumphal Entry of Christ into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday - Matthew 21:1-11, and Mark 11:1-10, Luke 19:28-38, John 12:12-15

VIII 1922 The Institution of the Mass, Maundy Thursday - Matthew 26:26-29, and Mark 14:22- 25, Luke 22:14-20

Continuing on the Gospel Side of the Nave, from the back to the front, the windows are:

IX. 1923 Jesus Blessing the Children - Matthew 19:13-15, and Mark 10:13-16

X. 1923 The Raising of Lazarus - John 11:1-45

XI. 1923 The Resurrection of Christ - Matthew 28:1-7, and Mark 16:1-8

XII 1923 Christ on the Road to Emmaus - Luke 24:13-27

XIII 1923 Risen Christ Appears to Disciples - Luke 24:33-40, and John 20:19-23

XIV. 1920 The Ascension of Christ into Heaven - The Acts 1:9-11, and Luke 24:50-53

XV. 1923 Whitsunday/Pentecost: The Descent of the Holy Ghost on the Apostles - Acts 2:1-4

XVI 1923 The Holy Mass, The Blessed Sacrament - 1 Corinthians 11:23-29

The Sanctuary Windows

The windows in the Sanctuary were commissioned from the studio of Ernest W. Lakeman of New York City in 1935 and installed in 1936. Mr. Lakeman was a student of Charles Kempe and a contemporary of Louis C. Tiffany. Lakeman was also one of the first three great glass artists in the United States. Unlike his contemporaries, Mr. Lakeman preferred to work in the French medieval style, the influence of which is evident in these windows. On the Epistle Side, the windows depict verses from the Te Deum Laudamus - We Praise Thee, O God - The great Christian hymn of Thanksgiving and morning prayer canticle. Starting from the window closest to the East wall, the windows are:

I. To Thee All Angels Cry Aloud - In the two circular panels are the figures and names of Dominations, Seraphim, Cherubim, Angels, Archangels, & Powers.

II. The Glorious Company of the Apostles Praise Thee - In the two circular panels are the figures and names of St. James, St. Peter, St. John, St. Philip, St. Andrew & St. Thomas. This and the first window were given in memory of Kenneth Hitchcock Paterson, August 17,1890 to Febr. 14, 1934. (Lakeman's signature and the date 1936 also are in this window).

III. The Goodly Fellowship of the Prophets Praise Thee - In the two circular panels are the figures and names of Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Isaiah, Amos, Jonah & Joel. IV. The Noble Army of Martyrs Praise Thee - In the two circular panels are the figures and names of St. Stephen, St. Alban, Se. Cecilia, St. Agnes, St. Paul, & St. Laurence. This and window III were given in memory of Margaret Emma Pickens, Sept. 18, 1855 - Dec. 21, 1929.

The Smaller and simpler set of windows on the Gospel side of the Sanctuary were given in memory of George C. Betts, Priest, Founder and First Rector of this Parish; and In Memoriam of Joseph Barker, 1877 - 1942: